To enable noncontact data exchange via an RFID system, radio waves are used for communication. Depending on the application requirements, RFID systems utilize different frequency ranges. As a general principle, most RFID systems use the so-called ISM bands (Industrial, Scientific, and Medical Band) in order to avoid cross-talk of radio systems and ensure reliable data information exchange. Commonly, passive RFID systems use either low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF), or ultra-high frequency (UHF).
An RFID reader is an active device that uses radio frequency to read information contactless from a data carrier like an RFID tag. Most of the readers are also able to function as write units. Typically, RFID reading devices contain a microprocessor or digital signal processor. An RFID reader is equipped with an internal or external antenna that grabs the information from the RFID tags. The data is then passed on by the reader to a communication unit that transmits the information via interfaces to an external host system which allows the interpretation of mass data or the targeted search for certain tagged pieces.
RFID stands for “radio frequency identification” and refers to technologies that use radio waves to identify objects or people automatically. RFID makes use of the so-called “air interface,” transmitting electromagnetic waves through the air. Typically, a serial number or other product- /object-related information (“identifier”) is stored on a microchip. This chip is attached to an antenna that enables the chip to transfer the information needed for identification to a reading device.
Laser barcode scanners have been used in material handling applications for decades. It is an integral part of routing boxes down a conveyor line. Read this blog to find out more about the different types of laser barcode readers.